THE LANGUAGE OF DEMONSTRATION: TRANSLATING SCIENCE AND THE FORMATION OF TERMINOLOGY IN ARABIC PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE GERHARD ENDRESS University of Bochum The language of philosophy and the sciences illuminates the links, or even constitutes the common denominator, between the intel- lectual traditions of the Mediterranean world-the Near East, North Africa, Southern and Northern Europe-and between the peoples who received, revived and transformed the heritage of Ancient Greece. After the decline of the ancient languages of eru- dition and commerce, the translators created a common system of reference which until today renders possible-in spite of the prot- estations of autonomy and otherness-a dialogue over the essen- tial questions of the human condition, between speakers of the Indo-European languages, Romance, Germanic, Iranian and Ara- bic, between Jews, Christians, and Muslims; a dialogue where the words may differ but in the context of science and its conventions continue to convey the same concepts sustained by a coherent tra- dition of teaching and textual transmission. l. Language and the rise of demonstrative science in Arabic Islamic society Demonstrative language-terms, univocal and unambiguous through definition and convention; the well-formed formulas of mathematical proof and logical syllogism; the pragmatic signals of linguistic operators and
Early Science and Medicine – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2002
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