the jesus movement was not egalitarian 173 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2003 Biblical Interpretation 11, 2 Also available online – www.brill.nl THE JESUS MOVEMENT WAS NOT EGALITARIAN BUT FAMILY-ORIENTED JOHN H. ELLIOTT University of San Francisco Introduction A current theory espoused by scholars including John Dominic Crossan, Gerd Theissen, and Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza is that Jesus of Nazareth was a revolutionary “egalitarian” and founded a community that put into practice a “discipleship of equals.” The present essay is the latter half of a two-part paper challenging that theory and finding it wanting. 1 The first part of that paper focused on the teaching and activity of Jesus prior to his death. 2 The substance of this essay concerns the Jesus Movement from the period following Jesus’ death to the end of the first century. Since some proponents of the egalitarian theory regard a discipleship of equals as antithetical to patriarchy and conventional household structures and relations, the nature, significance and role of the household in the Jesus Movement will figure prominently in our analysis, as it did in my earlier examination of the Jesus tradition. In general, the conclusion of the present analysis accords with that of
Biblical Interpretation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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