development of the illustrated manuscript 17 JONATHAN M. BLOOM THE INTRODUCTION OF PAPER TO THE ISLAMIC LANDS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ILLUSTRATED MANUSCRIPT (NovemberDecember 867). It bears no indication of where it was copied. 8 Over the course of the ninth and tenth centuries the use of paper became increasingly common as the early Islamic traditions of oral culture were trans- formed into, although not entirely replaced by, a text- based culture of books. 9 As in many cases, the lead seems to have been taken in Iraq and Iran, where paper had been known longest and used in various contexts and by bureaucrats, who were the first to use paper in large quantities, although few, if any, examples of paper documents have survived from the early period. 10 Several dated manuscripts of the Ko- ran copied on paper, presumably in Iran and Iraq, survive from the tenth century, the most famous of which is, of course, that copied by the noted callig- rapher Ibn al-Bawwab at Baghdad exactly one thou- sand years ago. 11 In Egypt, over the course of the tenth century, the manufacture of paper completely supplanted the 4,000-year-old papyrus industry, and archaeology confirms
Muqarnas Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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