533 The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission: An International Organisation for the Promotion of Marine Research Peter Ehlers* President and Professor of the German Bundesamt fur Seeschiffahrt und Hydrographie (Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency), Hamburg For 40 years the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has been the most important international body promoting understanding of ocean processes. Originating from a programme of UNESCO, in 1960 the IOC became a separate unit of UNESCO. The status of the IOC is regulated by Statutes which were substantially revised in 1999. These Statutes define the IOC as a part of UNESCO with functional autonomy limiting the authority of UNESCO bodies to supervise the IOC. This functional autonomy is reflected in the purposes and functions of the IOC, its relations with other international organisations and its own membership regulations. It is also reflected in its organisational structure, which consists of an Assembly, an Executive Council, a Secretariat and subsidiary bodies. The IOC is financed by UNESCO, with additional contributions allocated by Member States. The activities of IOC aim to improve our knowledge of the oceans and are increasingly directed towards the issues of responsible ocean management and sustainable development. The programmes are subdivided into ocean science
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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