The Gibeonites, the Nethinim and the Sons of Solomon's Servants

The Gibeonites, the Nethinim and the Sons of Solomon's Servants THE GIBEONITES, THE NETHINIM AND THE SONS OF SOLOMON'S SERVANTS BY MENAHEM HARAN Jerusalem (Isr.) The aim of this article is to assemble the main features of the history of a Canaanite community whose fate was bound up with that of Israel. This community first emerges during the wars of Canaan, and disappears in the obscure period after Nehemiah. Its life-span thus virtually coincides with the history of Biblical Israel. During this long period the nature of the community in question underwent profound changes; nevertheless, it can be shown that its history forms a continuous whole which throws light on some social processes at work in Israel during the Biblical period 1). In this history, the following three main turning-points can be distinguished: Joshua's wars, the reign of Solomon, and the Return from Exile. Each of these turning-points marks a social and juridical change in the status of the community, as will be shown in the following pages. I ' As is well known, the Gibeonites are first mentioned in the half- legendary story in Josh. ix 3-27 which describes how they managed to "pull the wool" over the Israelites' eyes and thus escaped the physical annihilation of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Vetus Testamentum Brill

The Gibeonites, the Nethinim and the Sons of Solomon's Servants

Vetus Testamentum, Volume 11 (1): 159 – Jan 1, 1961

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1961 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0042-4935
eISSN
1568-5330
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853361X00129
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THE GIBEONITES, THE NETHINIM AND THE SONS OF SOLOMON'S SERVANTS BY MENAHEM HARAN Jerusalem (Isr.) The aim of this article is to assemble the main features of the history of a Canaanite community whose fate was bound up with that of Israel. This community first emerges during the wars of Canaan, and disappears in the obscure period after Nehemiah. Its life-span thus virtually coincides with the history of Biblical Israel. During this long period the nature of the community in question underwent profound changes; nevertheless, it can be shown that its history forms a continuous whole which throws light on some social processes at work in Israel during the Biblical period 1). In this history, the following three main turning-points can be distinguished: Joshua's wars, the reign of Solomon, and the Return from Exile. Each of these turning-points marks a social and juridical change in the status of the community, as will be shown in the following pages. I ' As is well known, the Gibeonites are first mentioned in the half- legendary story in Josh. ix 3-27 which describes how they managed to "pull the wool" over the Israelites' eyes and thus escaped the physical annihilation of

Journal

Vetus TestamentumBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1961

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