THE FOUNDATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NAPLES: TYPOLOGICAL PARALLELS WITH ARAB INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING GORDON D. NEWBY Emory University Almost two decades ago at a Medieval Studies Colloquium at Brandeis University, R.W. Southern remarked on the unique character of the foun- dation of the University of Naples, and in subsequent discussion, suggested that there was the possibility of Islamic influence on its formation. I explored that possibility in a paper given at the Middle East Studies Association,' but then let the subject lie nearly fallow until now. In the meantime, other schol- ars have continued to explore the complex relations between Islamic and European educational institutions,z so that it is now possible, I feel, to see a stronger typological and circumstantial relationship between the founda- tion of the University of Naples by Frederick II and the institutions of higher learning in the Islamic world. It is these relationships that I wish to explore in this paper. The chronicler Riccardo of San Germano records that on the fifth of June, 1224, Frederick II Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor, Emperor of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, and King of Jerusalem, issued a bull of foundation for a studium generale
Medieval Encounters – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1997
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