During the first half of the 20 th century, when China experienced a new tide of urbanization, a tendency appeared, in which the upper strata moved to the urban center and the lower strata distributed over the marginal area, where poor people formed a new community. This marginal community bore distinctive characteristics no matter in spatial structure or in residents’ life style in the development of modern Tianjin. The lower culture from the marginal areas and the upper culture from the foreign concessions constituted an interaction urban cultural structure in modern China.
Frontiers of History in China – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: marginal area; the urban lower strata; social space; modern Tianjin; urban history
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