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The eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee and Turkey’s eu Accession Process

The eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee and Turkey’s eu Accession Process After the Treaties of Rome in 1957, Turkey started negotiations with the European Communities to define a framework for cooperation. The result was the Ankara Agreement (1965), which established economic cooperation and provided for an eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee ( jpc ), conceived as a discussion forum to encourage the democratic transition of Turkey. This article analyses the main phases and obstacles in Turkey’s accession process, focusing on relations between the European Parliament and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, and on the effectiveness of European Parliament and jpc activities. The analysis particularly considers the respect for the Copenhagen political criteria with regard to minorities’ rights, the Cyprus dispute, and the role of religion in Turkey. The concluding remarks discuss the European Parliament’s role in overcoming the current deadlock in the Turkish accession process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Hague Journal of Diplomacy Brill

The eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee and Turkey’s eu Accession Process

The Hague Journal of Diplomacy , Volume 11 (2-3): 196 – Mar 11, 2016

The eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee and Turkey’s eu Accession Process


Introduction When studying Turkey’s accession process to the European Union ( eu ), scholars highlight the political parties’ positions, the governments’ declarations during intergovernmental meetings, and the European Commission’s annual reports. Less attention is paid to the European Parliament and its role in supporting the Turkish reform process that aims to meet the accession criteria. Furthermore, studies on the European Parliament generally analyse the attitude of political parties towards possible accession, 1 but tend to disregard the effectiveness of the European Parliament’s parliamentary diplomacy and that of the eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee ( jpc ) in providing a ‘safe’ place for discussing sensitive issues and in supporting Turkey’s democratic transition. Based on the existing literature, minutes of jpc meetings and documents issued by the European Parliament, the article examines Turkey’s eu accession process, with a specific focus on the contribution of the European Parliament and the jpc to bilateral diplomatic relations between the eu and Turkey. Analysis of the jpc ’s effectiveness is considered, with special reference to its interventions in protecting the rights of ethnic and religious minorities, the Cyprus dispute and the debates on the role of religion in Turkey. These case studies represent the main areas where the jpc has deployed its influence in debates on, and the approval of, reforms in Turkey. The concluding remarks discuss the role of the European Parliament and the jpc in the current deadlock in negotiations, and propose possible changes to increase their influence. The Protracted Turkish Accession Process Turkey applied for association with the European Economic Community ( eec ) on 31 July 1959, nineteen months after the entry into force of the Treaties of Rome. Yet after the Turkish military coup d’état of 27 May 1960, French President...
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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1871-1901
eISSN
1871-191X
DOI
10.1163/1871191X-12341337
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

After the Treaties of Rome in 1957, Turkey started negotiations with the European Communities to define a framework for cooperation. The result was the Ankara Agreement (1965), which established economic cooperation and provided for an eu –Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee ( jpc ), conceived as a discussion forum to encourage the democratic transition of Turkey. This article analyses the main phases and obstacles in Turkey’s accession process, focusing on relations between the European Parliament and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, and on the effectiveness of European Parliament and jpc activities. The analysis particularly considers the respect for the Copenhagen political criteria with regard to minorities’ rights, the Cyprus dispute, and the role of religion in Turkey. The concluding remarks discuss the European Parliament’s role in overcoming the current deadlock in the Turkish accession process.

Journal

The Hague Journal of DiplomacyBrill

Published: Mar 11, 2016

Keywords: eu accession process; Turkey; eu -Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee; freedom of expression; minorities’ rights; parliamentary diplomacy

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