The Ḥanafī school of law is conventionally thought to have evolved out of an earlier Kufan legal tradition, as the Mālikī evolved out of an earlier Medinese. I have questioned whether the early Ḥanafī school should be characterized as Kufan when Abū Ḥanīfa, Abū Yūsuf, and Muḥammad b. al Ḥasan al Shaybānī seem to have all done their most important work in Baghdad and when Kufan followers of theirs are practically impossible to find, notably in Ḥanafī biographical dictionaries. To the contrary, however, Nurit Tsafrir has insisted that Abū Ḥanīfa did have numerous Kufan followers and that Ḥanafī law had no need of being introduced to Kufa but evolved there as a continuing local tradition. Here I survey three bodies of evidence for early Ḥanafism: biographies of persons said to be followers of Abū Ḥanīfa, the earliest Ḥanafī legal literature, and Ḥanafī ḥadīth literature, mainly collections of ḥadīth allegedly transmitted by Abū Ḥanīfa. The object is to come to a full accounting of where Ḥanafism was transmitted. Much evidently depends on how to assess contradictory reports of some figures’ friendliness or hostility toward Abū Ḥanīfa and his doctrine. The biographical and legal literature reveals no significant Ḥanafī presence in Kufa after Abū Ḥanīfa’s departure, but the ḥadīth literature is ambiguous.
Journal of Abbasid Studies – Brill
Published: Jun 10, 2014
Keywords: Schools of law; biographical dictionaries; ḥadīth ; transmission of knowledge
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera