THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAW ON HOMICIDE IN ANCIENT ISRAEL BY HENRY MCKEATING Nottingham Geyaeral theory of the development of homicide la)i.,. It is claimed by some writers on comparative law that the evolution of the law on homicide follows a more or less invariable pattern in all developing societies We may briefly state the thesis as follows: The earliest kind of social organization is on the basis of kin groups, i.e. families or clans 2). In a society organized in this way the kin group is responsible for the discipline of its members. If an offence is committed by a member of one kin group against a member of another the whole kin group of the offended individual seeks redress from the whole kin group of the offender. At this stage there are no 'crimes'. Every offence is conceived as a tort, a wrong for which the aggrieved party or his representatives are entitled to demand compensation. The compensation may be paid in money or other movable assets, or in persons; the persons being handed over either for slaughter or for- use as slaves. There are three features commonly occurring in such systems which are worth noting.
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1975
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