THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EARLY RECENSIONS OF THE DAMASCUS DOCUMENT MENAHEM KISTER Hebrew University To Prof. Alexander Rofé The work entitled the Damascus Document was fi rst discovered in the Cairo Genizah, in manuscripts copied in the Middle Ages. Two manu- scripts of the composition were found in the Genizah: MS A contain- ing 16 pages, and MS B, 2 pages. There is a partial overlap between the two texts. However, at certain points, there are also signi fi cant dif- ferences between the two. Carmignac has justi fi ably concluded from a comparison of the two texts that “the rarity of these interventions obliges us to conclude that the two extant manuscripts A and B are generally two witnesses of the same text transmitted by two different lines, but at the same time the presence of these interventions obliges us to conclude also that these manuscripts constitute, here and there, two distinct recensions,” both from the time of the Qumran sect. 1 The fragments of the Damascus Document discovered at Qumran (and published eighty-six years after the publication of the Genizah mater- ial) did not solve the mystery: there are no signi fi cant differences which possibly
Dead Sea Discoveries – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
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