The Date of the Book of Joel

The Date of the Book of Joel THE DATE OF THE BOOK OF JOEL BY F. R. STEPHENSON Newcastle upon Tyne The period during which the prophet Joel lived is uncertain. Historical evidence is slight but the character and content of his writings indicate a probable date between about B.C. 450 and 350, although Jewish tradition fixes a much earlier period-the eighth century B.C. Both EISSEFELDT 1) and PFEIFFER 2) prefer a post-exilic or perhaps late post-exilic date giving the principal reasons as follows. 1. The sale of Jewish slaves to the Greeks by the Phoenicians (iii 6). 2. No mention of the monarchy, indicated by i 2, ii 16. 3. The exile and scattering of the Jews throughout the world (iii 2). In particular, PFEIFFER favours a date close to 350 B.C. for the writing of the book. In attempting to provide further evidence for the date use can be made of Joel's reference to eclipses. Joel is one of the few biblical writers who clearly alludes to total lunar and solar eclipses. His statement in ii 31, "The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood"-, is unique in the Old Testament. Total eclipses of the sun, because of their http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Vetus Testamentum Brill

The Date of the Book of Joel

Loading next page...
 
/lp/brill/the-date-of-the-book-of-joel-j0lLhHzUIG
Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 1969 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0042-4935
eISSN
1568-5330
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853369X00473
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial