78 9 According to the halakhic theory of Jubilees, the fruit of newly planted trees (Orlah) was not permissible for consumption until the fifth year, rather than the fourth, as in rabbinic halakha. This is, in my opinion, the intent of the perplexing passage in Jub. vii 37: "And in the fifth year make its release", which O. S. Wintermute assumed to pertain to the sabbatical year, and therefore emended to "in the seventh year" despite the unanimous witness of all the manuscripts (J. H. Charlesworth [ed.], The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha 2 [New York and London, 1985], p. 70). Charles assumes a lacuna in the text. 10 The Books of Enoch: Aramaic Fragments of Qumran Cave 4 (Oxford, 1976). " pp. 274-84. '2 Qumr6n Grotte 4 III, DJD 7 (Oxford, 1982), pp. 105-36. '3 R. T. Beckwith, "The Earliest Enoch Literature and its Calendar", RQ 10 (1981), pp. 365-87. 14 For recent evaluations of A. Jaubert's theory La date de la cène (Paris, 1957), see J. C. VanderKam, "The Origin, Character, and Early History of the 364-Day Calendar: A Reassessment of Jaubert's Hypothesis", C (3 41 (1979), pp. 390-411, and J. Baumgarten, "Some problems of the Jubilees calendar
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1987
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