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The Common Presuppositions of Hermeneutics and Ethics: Types of Rationality Beyond Science and Technology

The Common Presuppositions of Hermeneutics and Ethics: Types of Rationality Beyond Science and... The Common Presuppositions of Hermeneutics and Ethics: Types of Rationality Beyond Science and Technology KARL-OTTO APEL University of Frankfurt I. EXPOSITION OF THE PROBLEM: THE WESTERN COMPLEMENTARITY-SYSTEM OF VALUE-FREE RATIONALITY AND PRE-RATIONAL VALUE- DECISION AS A CHALLENGE TO REASON The title and the sub-title of my paper are meant to point to a direc- tion of philosophical reflection that, I shall submit, must provide the key for a foundation of ethics as well as a foundation of hermeneutics as the methodology of "understanding" in the humanities or Geisteswissenschaften. The question, I submit, is whether there are types of rationality other than those of value-free explanatory science and its transposition into technology, including social engineering. A famous answer was given to this question by the great sociologist Max Weber at the beginning of this century: His answer was ambiguous in a sense with regard to my question. For, on the one hand, he pro- pagated a type of sociology that would be founded on "understanding" - understanding, that is, of individual persons, their actions and works as well as institutions, different cultures, and historical epochs, and even trends of progress in history in the light of so-called "relations to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research in Phenomenology Brill

The Common Presuppositions of Hermeneutics and Ethics: Types of Rationality Beyond Science and Technology

Research in Phenomenology , Volume 9 (1): 35 – Jan 1, 1979

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1979 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0085-5553
eISSN
1569-1640
DOI
10.1163/156916479X00039
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Common Presuppositions of Hermeneutics and Ethics: Types of Rationality Beyond Science and Technology KARL-OTTO APEL University of Frankfurt I. EXPOSITION OF THE PROBLEM: THE WESTERN COMPLEMENTARITY-SYSTEM OF VALUE-FREE RATIONALITY AND PRE-RATIONAL VALUE- DECISION AS A CHALLENGE TO REASON The title and the sub-title of my paper are meant to point to a direc- tion of philosophical reflection that, I shall submit, must provide the key for a foundation of ethics as well as a foundation of hermeneutics as the methodology of "understanding" in the humanities or Geisteswissenschaften. The question, I submit, is whether there are types of rationality other than those of value-free explanatory science and its transposition into technology, including social engineering. A famous answer was given to this question by the great sociologist Max Weber at the beginning of this century: His answer was ambiguous in a sense with regard to my question. For, on the one hand, he pro- pagated a type of sociology that would be founded on "understanding" - understanding, that is, of individual persons, their actions and works as well as institutions, different cultures, and historical epochs, and even trends of progress in history in the light of so-called "relations to

Journal

Research in PhenomenologyBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1979

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