The Claims of Innocent lll To Authority in Temporal Matters

The Claims of Innocent lll To Authority in Temporal Matters THE CLAIMS OF INNOCENT lll TO AUTHORITY IN TEMPORAL MATTERS by Sir ROBERT W. CARLYLE (OXFORD). In the course of the secular struggle between the papacy and the empire, Frederick I fought out with Alexander III the claim of the emperor to intervene in disputed papal elections and was defeated. In the time of Innocent III the situation was reversed and it was the pope who claimed the right to intervene in dis- puted elections in Germany. Innocent pressed to their fullest extent the papal claims to temporal sovereignty in Italy. He encouraged the rulers of States to surrender them to the pope and receive them back as fiefs. Most important of all he asserted beyond any of his predecessors, his claims as vicar of Christ. His reasoned statements of the papal claims as embodied in Gregory IX collection of decretals, were the foundation of the thirteenth century development of the official ecclesiastical theory of the powers of the pope in temporal matters. Innocent might claim to intervene in temporal matters ; (I) as immediate secular ruler, for instance in the papal patrimony ; (II) as feudal overlord; (III) as specially concerned with the fitness of the elected The Legal History Review / Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis / Revue d'Histoire du Droit Brill

The Claims of Innocent lll To Authority in Temporal Matters

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© 1924 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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