The City, Political Change, and Modernization in Japan* ARDATH W. BURKS Rutgers - The State University, New Jersey, U.S.A. I T is difficult to understand how anyone can generalize about political change (spontaneous or directed) and modernization without reference to Asia (more specifically to the urban experience of Japan). And yet data on and analysis of the urban phenomenon in Asia remain scarce. Academic studies have concentrated on the venerable Great Tradition, of East Asia for example, or on the so-called Little Tradition of village Asia.' On the policy-centered, operations front, domestic national plans have paid close attention to the rural community; a generation of point four assistance tech- nicians and peace corpsmen have been trained and have labored near the rice roots of tradition at the village level. From one point of view this is as it should be, for the village in eastern and southern Asia stands in a position of critical importance. It still provides the sole social milieu for an overwhelming proportion of Asians living east of Afghanistan and south of the Soviet borders, that is, perhaps three-quarters of the total population or approximately 900,000,000 people.2 Furthermore, the urban proportion of the total population
International Journal of Comparative Sociology (in 2002 continued as Comparative Sociology) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1966
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