256 The Challenge of Autonomy. The Experience of the Orkney and Shetland Movements at the 1987 General Election By John Goodlad* Background The degree of autonomy enjoyed by the Shetland Islands was described in some detail in a Paper presented at the Third Seminar of the Small Nations of the North held at Kautokeino in 1985.' This paper, which also analysed the origins and development of the Shetland Movement concluded that "the attainment of self government for Shetland in the future will probably be dependent upon the fortunes of the Shetland Movement and its performance in any election it chooses to contest".2 In 1987 the Shetland Movement contested a General Election for the first time. In view of the fact that Orkney and Shetland together represent one parlia- mentary constituency, the decision to contest the General Election required agreement between the pro-autonomy group in Orkney (the Orkney Movement) and the Shetland Movement. Since the origins, development and policy of the Orkney Movement are very similar to the Shetland Movement, it was relatively straigthforward for both Movements to join forces as the Orkney and Shetland Movements (OSM) in order to consider contesting the General Election. Detailed discussions took place
Nordic Journal of International Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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