The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals 4 : 247–260, 2005 © 2005 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. THE BURGH HOUSE PRINCIPLES ON THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL JUDICIARY P ROFESSOR P HILIPPE S ANDS QC, U NITED K INGDOM ∗ P ROFESSOR C AMPBELL M C L ACHLAN , N EW Z EALAND ** R UTH M ACKENZIE ∗∗ I NTRODUCTORY N OTE As the scope of international judicial activity broadens, recent challenges to sitting judges in international courts have demonstrated the increasing significance and awareness of issues of independence and impartiality of the international judiciary. In at least three international courts, interested parties have raised issues of the compatibility of previous activities of judges with the exercise of their judicial function in specific cases. 1 The Burgh House Principles on the Independence of the International Judiciary, reprinted here, represent a first attempt to elaborate principles of general application on judicial independence and impartiality in international courts and tribunals. The Principles are the final product of work carried out by the International Law Association (ILA) Study Group on the Practice and Procedure of International Tribunals between 2002 and 2004, in collaboration with the Project
The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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