The Beginnings of Formal Logic: Deduction in Aristotle’s Topics vs. Prior Analytics

The Beginnings of Formal Logic: Deduction in Aristotle’s Topics vs. Prior Analytics It is widely agreed that Aristotle’s Prior Analytics , but not the Topics , marks the beginning of formal logic. There is less agreement as to why this is so. What are the distinctive features in virtue of which Aristotle’s discussion of deductions ( syllogismoi ) qualifies as formal logic in the one treatise but not in the other? To answer this question, I argue that in the Prior Analytics —unlike in the Topics —Aristotle is concerned to make fully explicit all the premisses that are necessary to derive the conclusion in a given deduction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Phronesis Brill

The Beginnings of Formal Logic: Deduction in Aristotle’s Topics vs. Prior Analytics

Phronesis, Volume 60 (3): 267 – May 20, 2015

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0031-8868
eISSN
1568-5284
D.O.I.
10.1163/15685284-12341286
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It is widely agreed that Aristotle’s Prior Analytics , but not the Topics , marks the beginning of formal logic. There is less agreement as to why this is so. What are the distinctive features in virtue of which Aristotle’s discussion of deductions ( syllogismoi ) qualifies as formal logic in the one treatise but not in the other? To answer this question, I argue that in the Prior Analytics —unlike in the Topics —Aristotle is concerned to make fully explicit all the premisses that are necessary to derive the conclusion in a given deduction.

Journal

PhronesisBrill

Published: May 20, 2015

Keywords: formal logic; deduction; syllogismos ; premiss; Prior Analytics ; Topics

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