The beetle-mimicking cockroach genera Prosoplecta and Areolaria, with a description of Tomeisneria furthi gen. n., sp. n. (Blattellidae: Pseudophyllodromiinae) LOUIS M. ROTH Based on front leg armament, wing venation, and male subgenital plate and genitalia, the bupres- tid-like cockroach genus Areolaria is synonymized with the coccinellid/chrysomelid/ general- ized beetle-like genus Prosoplecta. Tomeisneria furthi, a new genus and species of coccinellid- like cockroach from New Guinea is described. The genera are placed in the Blattellidae: Pseu- dophyllodromiinae. L.M. Roth, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, U.S.A. (Correspondence: 81 Brush Hill Road, P.O. Box 540, Sherborn, MA, 01770, U.S.A.) Introduction That cockroaches mimic unpalatable insects as a means of defense was reviewed in a classic paper by Shelford (1912: 358). Among the numerous exam- ples mentioned, he discussed Prosoplecta in detail whose species are 'coccinelliform'. The tegmina of these cockroaches are strongly convex and have color markings that may resemble the elytra of their coleopterous models. However, their hind wings are not beetle-like and they have a large apical triangle area which when at rest is a curled-up spiral, a modification that makes the wing short enough to be covered by the tegmina. Although Shelford could not
Insect Systematics & Evolution – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1994
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