The 1990 USSR-USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

The 1990 USSR-USA Maritime Boundary Agreement 41 The 1990 USSR-USA Maritime Boundary Agreement Alex Oude Elferink Research Associate, NILOS, Law Faculty, University of Utrecht, Netherlands During the Bush-Gorbachov summit held in Washington, in May/June 1990, an agreement was signed establishing a maritime boundary between Alaska and Siberia in the Bering and Chukchi Seas.l The 1600 nautical miles (nm) maritime boundary is the longest in the world (see figure 2). The conclusion of the treaty was preceded by nine years of negotiations. The main point of contention during the negotiations regarded the interpretation of the 1867 Convention on the Cession of Alaska.2 The 1867 Convention defines a line which establishes what islands were ceded to America together with Alaska. Both parties disagreed as to what cartographical method was intended to be used to define this line when the treaty was drafted. The area enclosed by the two different lines advocated by the parties comprised about 15,000 nm2. Background Before analysing the terms of the boundary treaty some attention has to be paid to its historical background. The need to delimit their respective jurisdictions first arose when both countries extended their fisheries zones.3 In an Exchange 42 United States - U. S. S. R. Maritime Boundary http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law (in 1993 continued as The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law) Brill

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Publisher
Martinus Nijhoff
Copyright
© 1991 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0268-0106
eISSN
1875-2993
D.O.I.
10.1163/187529991X00261
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

41 The 1990 USSR-USA Maritime Boundary Agreement Alex Oude Elferink Research Associate, NILOS, Law Faculty, University of Utrecht, Netherlands During the Bush-Gorbachov summit held in Washington, in May/June 1990, an agreement was signed establishing a maritime boundary between Alaska and Siberia in the Bering and Chukchi Seas.l The 1600 nautical miles (nm) maritime boundary is the longest in the world (see figure 2). The conclusion of the treaty was preceded by nine years of negotiations. The main point of contention during the negotiations regarded the interpretation of the 1867 Convention on the Cession of Alaska.2 The 1867 Convention defines a line which establishes what islands were ceded to America together with Alaska. Both parties disagreed as to what cartographical method was intended to be used to define this line when the treaty was drafted. The area enclosed by the two different lines advocated by the parties comprised about 15,000 nm2. Background Before analysing the terms of the boundary treaty some attention has to be paid to its historical background. The need to delimit their respective jurisdictions first arose when both countries extended their fisheries zones.3 In an Exchange 42 United States - U. S. S. R. Maritime Boundary

Journal

International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law (in 1993 continued as The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law)Brill

Published: Jan 1, 1991

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