EMERGENCE OF MODERN FISHERIES IN THAILAND Among the Southeast Asian countries, Thailand has been the most successful in adapting new techniques and new technology to the fishing industry. Thai- land ranks with the largest and most advanced deep-sea fishing fleets in the world. Marine landings have increased from around 220,000 mt (total) in 1960 to 2,066,118 mt in 1977. In 1984 a total of 1,973,019 mt of marine landings was recorded (fig. 1). New types of vessels, together with modern equipment for communica- tion and navigation, have made it possible for the Thai fishing fleet to venture into distant waters,2 and fishing grounds for Thai fishermen cover large areas of the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea.3 The rapid development of the Thai fisheries has led to substantial investments in the development of the postharvest sector, and in many of the coastal cities fishery-related industries have been established. Ice factories, canneries, cold-storage, and fishmeal factories are found in the main fish harbors (table 2) where the marine catches are processed into a wide variety of products. The fishing industry has competed successfully in various foreign mar- kets, and the value of exported Thai fishery products has increased
Ocean Yearbook Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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