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Territorial Autonomy and European National Minorities: South Tyrol, the Basque Country and the Aland Islands

Territorial Autonomy and European National Minorities: South Tyrol, the Basque Country and the... and I. INTRODUCTION The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the historical, legal and political ele- ments of the current situation and conflict in the Basque Country, South Tyrol and the Aland Islands through a comparison between these regions. Recent events in the Basque Country have stressed the existence of an unresolved conflict within the Spanish state. This article seeks to compare the legal and political system of the Basque Country with the cases of the Aland Islands and South Tyrol to reflect on the elements which make territorial autonomy either successful or not in managing national identity conflicts within Western European states. To develop our analysis, we will systematically describe the similarities and differences between the three cases, concentrating on the different legal and political aspects. Finally, we will draw some conclusions, including some future prospects. ll. 7he Basque Country The Basque Country' is located in Southwestern Europe, at the western corner of the Per- enees Mountains. The concept and delimitation of the Basque Country is not a peaceful one. Traditionally, the term 'Basque Country' has referred to the Basque-speaking popula- tions and, subsequently to the lands occupied by them. However, the influence http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online Brill

Territorial Autonomy and European National Minorities: South Tyrol, the Basque Country and the Aland Islands

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
eISSN
2211-6117
DOI
10.1163/221161103X00120
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

and I. INTRODUCTION The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the historical, legal and political ele- ments of the current situation and conflict in the Basque Country, South Tyrol and the Aland Islands through a comparison between these regions. Recent events in the Basque Country have stressed the existence of an unresolved conflict within the Spanish state. This article seeks to compare the legal and political system of the Basque Country with the cases of the Aland Islands and South Tyrol to reflect on the elements which make territorial autonomy either successful or not in managing national identity conflicts within Western European states. To develop our analysis, we will systematically describe the similarities and differences between the three cases, concentrating on the different legal and political aspects. Finally, we will draw some conclusions, including some future prospects. ll. 7he Basque Country The Basque Country' is located in Southwestern Europe, at the western corner of the Per- enees Mountains. The concept and delimitation of the Basque Country is not a peaceful one. Traditionally, the term 'Basque Country' has referred to the Basque-speaking popula- tions and, subsequently to the lands occupied by them. However, the influence

Journal

European Yearbook of Minority Issues OnlineBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2002

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