TENG MU A FORGOTTEN CHINESE PHILOSOPHER BY LO-SHU FU Almost complete oblivion has enveloped Teng Mu M t, a ger- minal Chinese philosopher of the thirteenth century, whose writ- ings on political theory served as the major source for the Ming-i Tai-fang Lu HA- 3r, the much heralded work by Huang Tsung- hsi jy g# * written about four centuries later. Teng Mu is also im- portant in the history of science for his prescient suggestions of the existence of plural galaxies. This essay will examine what is known of his life and his associates and will analyze and appraise his philosophic accomplishments. 36 1. THE LIFE OF TENG MU Teng Mu, a native of Ch'ien-t'ang (a district of Hangchow), was born in 1247 towards the end of the Sung period, and died early in 1306 in the reign of Yiian Ch'eng-tsung Therefore, the span of his life was evenly divided about thirty s2ci under the Sung dynasty and another thirty sui under the Yiian dynasty. He was a hermit in one of the monasteries of the great Taoist temple, the Tung-hsiao Palace ifP:I ?15 in Yii-hang #% %t (another district of Hangchow). This celebrated temple, a land-grant
T'oung Pao – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1965
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