"Taking Back" the Caliphate: Sharīf Husayn Ibn 'Alī, Mustafa Kemal and the Ottoman Caliphate

"Taking Back" the Caliphate: Sharīf Husayn Ibn 'Alī, Mustafa Kemal and the Ottoman Caliphate 412 joshua teitelbaum © Koninklijke Brill BV, Leiden, 2000 Die Welt des Islams 40, 3 “TAKING BACK” THE CALIPHATE: SHARµF ÝUSAYN IBN {ALµ, MUSTAFA KEMAL AND THE OTTOMAN CALIPHATE BY JOSHUA TEITELBAUM Tel Aviv It has been established elsewhere that gaining the Caliphate for the H‚shimite family was a consuming interest for the Shar”f of Mecca, Ýusayn b. {Al”, and his son {Abdall‚h. 1 The desire to take the Caliphate played a cardinal role in his decision to revolt against the Ottomans. As Ýusayn would have it, he was revolting not to establish a kingdom in the Ýidj‚z, and not simply a large Arab state, but to establish a replacement Islamic polity, in which the Arabs, led by the H‚shimites, would take their rightful place. Bolstered by a position held by many Arab intellectuals and political leaders, namely, that the Caliphate should be held by Quraysh, that within Quraysh it should be held by the Prophet’s house, and that the ashr‚f of Mecca were the most qualified, Ýusayn sought British help. 2 Through a series of British blunders, he was encouraged to believe that he had the backing of England for his project. 3 Ýusayn eventually claimed the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Die Welt des Islams Brill

"Taking Back" the Caliphate: Sharīf Husayn Ibn 'Alī, Mustafa Kemal and the Ottoman Caliphate

Die Welt des Islams, Volume 40 (3): 412 – Jan 1, 2000

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2000 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0043-2539
eISSN
1570-0607
D.O.I.
10.1163/1570060001505343
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

412 joshua teitelbaum © Koninklijke Brill BV, Leiden, 2000 Die Welt des Islams 40, 3 “TAKING BACK” THE CALIPHATE: SHARµF ÝUSAYN IBN {ALµ, MUSTAFA KEMAL AND THE OTTOMAN CALIPHATE BY JOSHUA TEITELBAUM Tel Aviv It has been established elsewhere that gaining the Caliphate for the H‚shimite family was a consuming interest for the Shar”f of Mecca, Ýusayn b. {Al”, and his son {Abdall‚h. 1 The desire to take the Caliphate played a cardinal role in his decision to revolt against the Ottomans. As Ýusayn would have it, he was revolting not to establish a kingdom in the Ýidj‚z, and not simply a large Arab state, but to establish a replacement Islamic polity, in which the Arabs, led by the H‚shimites, would take their rightful place. Bolstered by a position held by many Arab intellectuals and political leaders, namely, that the Caliphate should be held by Quraysh, that within Quraysh it should be held by the Prophet’s house, and that the ashr‚f of Mecca were the most qualified, Ýusayn sought British help. 2 Through a series of British blunders, he was encouraged to believe that he had the backing of England for his project. 3 Ýusayn eventually claimed the

Journal

Die Welt des IslamsBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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