Swedish State Practice 2004–5: United Nations Targeted Sanctions FREDRIK STENHAMMAR* United Nations targeted sanctions are international coercive measures ordered by the UN Security Council under Chapter VII of the UN Charter for the main- tenance of international peace and security. They are intended to focus pressure on individuals in positions of power or influence while sparing civilian popu- lations. As Chapter VII measures, targeted sanctions are binding on all UN member states. The category includes notably asset freezes and travel bans. Typically, the measures are directed against individuals by way of a blacklist, compiled by a Sanctions Committee appointed by the Security Council to man- age the sanctions regime in question. 1 Exemptions may be granted on human- itarian grounds, e.g. for living expenses. No legal remedy against decisions by the Sanctions Committee is available to blacklisted persons. The blacklisted individual’s national state may exercise diplomatic protection and appeal to the Sanctions Committee for de-listing, but the decision to de-list is at the Committee’s discretion. Targeted sanctions have been prominent in the practice of the Security Council since the late 1990s, replacing comprehensive trade embargoes as the main form of international pressure. Presently, UN targeted sanctions are in
Nordic Journal of International Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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