133 Swedish Neutrality and Policy of Neutrality The Second World War and the Ensuing Peacetime By Rolf H. Lindholm* Introduction Swedish neutrality has seldom been the subject of scientific juridical study. This can seem rather striking, bearing in mind that the policy of neutrality has for so long been, and still is, the principal course of Swedish foreign policy. The situation is quite different in Switzerland which has a much longer tradition of neutrality, but also in Austria which became a neutral state in 1955. Switzerland and Austria are permanently neutral states. Sometimes Sweden is also described as such a state. There is, however, an important difference in so far as Swedish neutrality is not anchored in international law, nor in munici- pal law. To this must be added that the Swedish parliament has on several occa- sions rejected motions for declaring Sweden permanently neutral. For this reason, as far as Sweden is concerned it is more correct to speak of de facto permanent neutrality. The main course of our foreign policy is usually described as "non-participation in alliances in peacetime aiming at neutrality in the event of war." Sweden has had peace since 1814, but this does
Nordic Journal of International Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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