Supportive and tolerant relationships among male Tibetan macaques at Huangshan, China

Supportive and tolerant relationships among male Tibetan macaques at Huangshan, China Supportive and tolerant relationships among male Tibetan macaques at Huangshan, China Carol M. Berman 1,2,3) , Consuel Ionica 1,4) & Jinhua Li 5) ( 1 Department of Anthropology and 2 Graduate Program in Evolution, Ecology and Behavior, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14261 USA; 4 Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Poolesville, MD, USA; 5 School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China 230039) (Accepted: 19 March 2007) Summary Tibetan macaque males at Huangshan ( Macaca thibetana huangshanensis ) display highly skewed mating success and highly asymmetric patterns of aggression, but also high levels of tolerance. We examined affiliation, tolerance and agonistic support to test the hypothesis that increased tolerance in otherwise despotic males may occur when high-ranking males require support from other males to prevent (1) potentially destabilizing revolutionary coalitions against them, or (2) young adult males from usurping the alpha position. Several predictions of the first hypothesis were supported: Support was unrelated to kinship or affiliation and was generally conservative, serving to reinforce the current hierarchy. Nevertheless revolutionary coalitions posed a threat, particularly to alpha males. High-ranking males displayed tolerance in the form of co-feeding toward http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Supportive and tolerant relationships among male Tibetan macaques at Huangshan, China

Behaviour, Volume 144 (6): 631 – Jan 1, 2007

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2007 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
DOI
10.1163/156853907781347790
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Supportive and tolerant relationships among male Tibetan macaques at Huangshan, China Carol M. Berman 1,2,3) , Consuel Ionica 1,4) & Jinhua Li 5) ( 1 Department of Anthropology and 2 Graduate Program in Evolution, Ecology and Behavior, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14261 USA; 4 Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Poolesville, MD, USA; 5 School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China 230039) (Accepted: 19 March 2007) Summary Tibetan macaque males at Huangshan ( Macaca thibetana huangshanensis ) display highly skewed mating success and highly asymmetric patterns of aggression, but also high levels of tolerance. We examined affiliation, tolerance and agonistic support to test the hypothesis that increased tolerance in otherwise despotic males may occur when high-ranking males require support from other males to prevent (1) potentially destabilizing revolutionary coalitions against them, or (2) young adult males from usurping the alpha position. Several predictions of the first hypothesis were supported: Support was unrelated to kinship or affiliation and was generally conservative, serving to reinforce the current hierarchy. Nevertheless revolutionary coalitions posed a threat, particularly to alpha males. High-ranking males displayed tolerance in the form of co-feeding toward

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2007

Keywords: AGONISTIC SUPPORT; RECIPROCITY; MACACA THIBETANA; MALE TOLERANCE; MALE COOPERATION

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