Support for Right-Wing Extremist Ideology: Socio-Economic Indicators and Socio-Psychological Mechanisms of Social Identification

Support for Right-Wing Extremist Ideology: Socio-Economic Indicators and Socio-Psychological... Support for Right-Wing Extremist Ideology: Socio-Economic Indicators and Socio-Psychological Mechanisms of Social Identification A MI P EDAHZUR AND D APHNA C ANETTI -N ISIM * A BSTRACT The study examined the associations between support for right-wing extremism, on the one hand, and social-psychological measures of in-group favoritism (e.g. authoritarianism) and both objective (e.g., income) and subjective (economic insecurity) socio-economic measures, on the other, among 706 Israeli- Jewish respondents. Contrary to the initial tendency to reduce right-wing extremism and define it on the basis of a single char- acteristic (i.e. anti-foreigner sentiments), it is defined as a broad concept that reflects a multi-layered ideology. We theorized that hostile attitudes towards out-groups are the result of in- group favoritism, and that this may be particularly apt when a sense of socio-economic competition arises. Findings obtained through the analyses of three models via structural equation modeling show that the socio-economic variables have signifi- cant direct negative effects on the socio-psychological mediat- ing variables, and also have negative indirect effects on right- wing extremism, via their influence on the mediating socio- psychological variables. While persons with strong social iden- tification tendencies are likely to espouse right-wing extremist ideologies whether they are high http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Comparative Sociology Brill

Support for Right-Wing Extremist Ideology: Socio-Economic Indicators and Socio-Psychological Mechanisms of Social Identification

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1569-1322
eISSN
1569-1330
D.O.I.
10.1163/1569133041513756
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Support for Right-Wing Extremist Ideology: Socio-Economic Indicators and Socio-Psychological Mechanisms of Social Identification A MI P EDAHZUR AND D APHNA C ANETTI -N ISIM * A BSTRACT The study examined the associations between support for right-wing extremism, on the one hand, and social-psychological measures of in-group favoritism (e.g. authoritarianism) and both objective (e.g., income) and subjective (economic insecurity) socio-economic measures, on the other, among 706 Israeli- Jewish respondents. Contrary to the initial tendency to reduce right-wing extremism and define it on the basis of a single char- acteristic (i.e. anti-foreigner sentiments), it is defined as a broad concept that reflects a multi-layered ideology. We theorized that hostile attitudes towards out-groups are the result of in- group favoritism, and that this may be particularly apt when a sense of socio-economic competition arises. Findings obtained through the analyses of three models via structural equation modeling show that the socio-economic variables have signifi- cant direct negative effects on the socio-psychological mediat- ing variables, and also have negative indirect effects on right- wing extremism, via their influence on the mediating socio- psychological variables. While persons with strong social iden- tification tendencies are likely to espouse right-wing extremist ideologies whether they are high

Journal

Comparative SociologyBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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