STUDIES ON DETOUR BEHAVIOUR by W. WYRWICKA 1) (Department of Neurophysiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland) (With 12 figs and 2 Diagr.) (Rec. 12-IV-1958) INTRODUCTION If an animal e.g. a dog, running to his usual feeding place finds an obstacle in his way, he will go around it sooner or later - according to the shape and size of the obstacle - and continue his way to the food. This ability, well known as "detour" or "round-about behaviour" is considered as one of the simplest forms of so called "problem solving behaviour". This detour behav- iour problem is dealt with in the first chapter of KoHLER'S well known mono- graph (I925) in which he describes such experiments on a child, dogs, mon- keys and hens. KoHLER considers this form of behaviour a result of insight. The similar view is also maintained by other investigators who found the ability of round-about behaviour in other animals: rats (HIGGINSON 1926; HSIAO 1929; TOLMAN and HONZIK 1930), birds (TEYROVSKY 1930; LORENZ 1932, 1939), reptiles (FISCHEL 1933) and fishes (VON SCHILLER 1942). On the other hand THORPE (1956) discussing these results held the view that before one can be sure whether
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1959
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