BRILL EJEAS 8.2 (2009) 275-300 European Journal of East Asian Studies www.brill.nl/ejea Abstract State-led Migration, Democratic Legitimacy, and Deterritorialization: The Philippines' labour export model M. Scott Solomon University of South Florida firstname.lastname@example.org Developing countries are increasingly facilitating migration as a way of generating remit- tances for the home economy. The Philippines serves as a paradigmatic example, inaugu- rating a labour expon scheme in 1973 that has grown each year and resulted in nearly 25 per cent of the labour force working abroad. The institutionalization of this labour export policy, along with changes in citizenship and voting laws, has led to the increasing deter- ritorialization of the Philippines state, with concomitant implications for democracy and democratization. This deterritorialization presents both opponunities and challenges for the state. Among them are the possibility of securing sustained remittances and the necessity of securing democratic legitimacy from a globalized polity. This paper traces the evolution of this labour expon policy and analyzes the effects of state discursive strategies designed to secure democratic legitimacy. To funher this analysis I present the results of a survey con- ducted among Filipina domestic workers in Hong Kong (n=691). The responses indicate the discursive strategy of 'national heroes'
European Journal of East Asian Studies – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: DETERRITORIALIZATION; DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY; PHILIPPINES POLICY; STATE-LED MIGRATION; REMITTANCES
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