Stalinism, 'Nation Theory' and Scottish History: A Reply to John Foster

Stalinism, 'Nation Theory' and Scottish History: A Reply to John Foster INTERVENTION Neil Davidson Stalinism, ‘Nation Theory’ and Scottish History: A Reply to John Foster 1 Introduction The Origins of Scottish Nationhood was an attempt to resolve two problems, one of history and the other of contemporary politics. The historical problem was the apparent failure of the Scottish nation to conform to the modernist conception of nationhood, in w hic h na tiona l c on scio usn ess Ž rst dev elo ps during the transition to either capitalism (in classical Marxism) or industrialisation (in classical sociology). If Scotland was a nation in 1057 or 1320, as is so often claimed, then it must either be an exceptional case, or the designation must also be extended to England, France, or any other uniŽed kingdom of the medieval period. Since general theories abhor exceptions, we must conclude either that modernism is wrong, or – my preferred alternative – that Scotland achieved nationhood, not in the Dark Ages or the medieval period, but after the Treaty of Union with England, after the dissolution of the late-feudal state into Britain. 2 Historical Materialism , volume 10:3 (195–222) © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2002 Also available online – 1 Foster 2002. Historical Materialism Brill

Stalinism, 'Nation Theory' and Scottish History: A Reply to John Foster

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© 2002 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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