East Central Europe 36 (2009) 37–62 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/187633009X411467 brill.nl/eceu Staging Realms of the Past in 19 th -Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of Middle-Class Nationalists Helke Rausch Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts Abstract In large parts of late 19 th -century Europe, monumental landscapes in the metropoles appear as public platforms where national realms of the pasts were invented. Public statues installed in Paris, Berlin and London would hardly express coherent national mentalities. Th ey rather sym- bolize their initiator’s propagandist attempts at deﬁ ning the nation while they could be perceived quite controversially. Beyond state-dominated images of the nation in Berlin, there were attempts at referring to more liberal demands in the German national movement. In London, the seem- ingly consensual recourse to British Monarchy testiﬁ es to the fact that monument committees transformed the concept of monarchy into a common reference point of civic patriotism while public reference to the highly non-egalitarian social order was ignored. In Paris, the placement of national cult ﬁ gures was even more part of a controversial process and hardly exempliﬁ ed a constantly assured French nation. A
East Central Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: NATIONAL RHETORIC; FRANCE; BRITAIN; GERMANY; 19TH CENTURY NATIONAL MONUMENTS
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