Staging Realms of the Past in 19th-Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of Middle-Class Nationalists

Staging Realms of the Past in 19th-Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of... East Central Europe 36 (2009) 37–62 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/187633009X411467 brill.nl/eceu Staging Realms of the Past in 19 th -Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of Middle-Class Nationalists Helke Rausch Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts Abstract In large parts of late 19 th -century Europe, monumental landscapes in the metropoles appear as public platforms where national realms of the pasts were invented. Public statues installed in Paris, Berlin and London would hardly express coherent national mentalities. Th ey rather sym- bolize their initiator’s propagandist attempts at defi ning the nation while they could be perceived quite controversially. Beyond state-dominated images of the nation in Berlin, there were attempts at referring to more liberal demands in the German national movement. In London, the seem- ingly consensual recourse to British Monarchy testifi es to the fact that monument committees transformed the concept of monarchy into a common reference point of civic patriotism while public reference to the highly non-egalitarian social order was ignored. In Paris, the placement of national cult fi gures was even more part of a controversial process and hardly exemplifi ed a constantly assured French nation. A http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png East Central Europe Brill

Staging Realms of the Past in 19th-Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of Middle-Class Nationalists

East Central Europe, Volume 36 (1): 37 – Jan 1, 2009

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2009 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0094-3037
eISSN
1876-3308
DOI
10.1163/187633009X411467
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

East Central Europe 36 (2009) 37–62 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/187633009X411467 brill.nl/eceu Staging Realms of the Past in 19 th -Century Western Europe: Comparing Monumental Strategies of Middle-Class Nationalists Helke Rausch Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts Abstract In large parts of late 19 th -century Europe, monumental landscapes in the metropoles appear as public platforms where national realms of the pasts were invented. Public statues installed in Paris, Berlin and London would hardly express coherent national mentalities. Th ey rather sym- bolize their initiator’s propagandist attempts at defi ning the nation while they could be perceived quite controversially. Beyond state-dominated images of the nation in Berlin, there were attempts at referring to more liberal demands in the German national movement. In London, the seem- ingly consensual recourse to British Monarchy testifi es to the fact that monument committees transformed the concept of monarchy into a common reference point of civic patriotism while public reference to the highly non-egalitarian social order was ignored. In Paris, the placement of national cult fi gures was even more part of a controversial process and hardly exemplifi ed a constantly assured French nation. A

Journal

East Central EuropeBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2009

Keywords: NATIONAL RHETORIC; FRANCE; BRITAIN; GERMANY; 19TH CENTURY NATIONAL MONUMENTS

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