Soviet-Romanian Relations and the Bessarabian Question in the Early 1920s

Soviet-Romanian Relations and the Bessarabian Question in the Early 1920s DOV B. LUNGU (London, United Kingdom) Soviet-Romanian Relations and the Bessarabian Question in the Early 1920s In the history of relations between Russia and Romania, the Soviet ultima- tum on Bessarabia of June, 1940, signified the end of an era. This era began in the last stages of World War I and was marked by the seemingly insoluble conflict over Bessarabia, which prevented the two countries from attaining more than a precarious degree of regularity in their mutual relations. The historical roots of the Bessarabian question go back to the early nine- teenth century when, as a result of the 1806-12 Russo-Turkish war, about half of the vassal principality of Moldavia was handed over by the Ottoman Empire to its Russian counterpart. This act set off a chain of claims and coun- terclaims to eastern Moldavia, otherwise known as Bessarabia, marring the sub- sequent evolution of relations between Russia and Romania. Thus, in 1856, as a result of the Crimean War, part of Bessarabia was reunited with Moldavia, only to be reincorporated into the Russian Empire in 1878 at the end of the war with Turkey in which Romania and Russia fought side by side. Because of this http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Southeastern Europe Brill

Soviet-Romanian Relations and the Bessarabian Question in the Early 1920s

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1979 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0094-4467
eISSN
1876-3332
D.O.I.
10.1163/187633379X00021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DOV B. LUNGU (London, United Kingdom) Soviet-Romanian Relations and the Bessarabian Question in the Early 1920s In the history of relations between Russia and Romania, the Soviet ultima- tum on Bessarabia of June, 1940, signified the end of an era. This era began in the last stages of World War I and was marked by the seemingly insoluble conflict over Bessarabia, which prevented the two countries from attaining more than a precarious degree of regularity in their mutual relations. The historical roots of the Bessarabian question go back to the early nine- teenth century when, as a result of the 1806-12 Russo-Turkish war, about half of the vassal principality of Moldavia was handed over by the Ottoman Empire to its Russian counterpart. This act set off a chain of claims and coun- terclaims to eastern Moldavia, otherwise known as Bessarabia, marring the sub- sequent evolution of relations between Russia and Romania. Thus, in 1856, as a result of the Crimean War, part of Bessarabia was reunited with Moldavia, only to be reincorporated into the Russian Empire in 1878 at the end of the war with Turkey in which Romania and Russia fought side by side. Because of this

Journal

Southeastern EuropeBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1979

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