Southern Shaanxi Offcials in Early Nineteeth-Century China

Southern Shaanxi Offcials in Early Nineteeth-Century China T’oung Pao 95 (2009) 120-166 T ’ O U N G PA O © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/008254309X12586659061523 Southern Shaanxi Officials in Early Nineteeth-Century China 1 Daniel McMahon Ching Yun University, Graduate Institute of Central Asia Studies Abstract This essay examines an influential group of lower and middle level Qing ad mini - strators who served in southern Shaanxi in the early nineteenth century. These officials distinguished themselves pacifying the 1796-1804 White Lotus revolt, were pro moted during the 1799-1805 Jiaqing reforms, and then were retained up to two decades in southern Shaanxi on the basis of their local expertise and effective administration. Ac counts of rebel pacification, water management, and temple construction show that this cadre of field officials possessed considerable bureaucratic backing, regional prestige, and flexibility in local action. These assets strengthened their ability to mobi- lize, supervise, restrain, and instruct increasingly self-managed local communities and aided the post-war restoration of southern Shaanxi. Their long tenure and regional authority likewise foreshadowed the rise of provincial “strongmen” in mid-nineteenth century China. Abbreviations: DT : Dingyuan tingzhi ⭂怈⺛⽿ SBB : Sansheng bianfang beilan ᶱ䚩怲旚⁁奥 LW : Leyuan wenchao 㦪⚺㔯憼 XXF : Xu Xing’an fuzhi T'oung Pao Brill

Southern Shaanxi Offcials in Early Nineteeth-Century China

T'oung Pao , Volume 95 (1): 120 – Jan 1, 2009

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© 2009 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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