BY DAVID H. The purpose of this article is to examine some recent attempts to deal with philosophical questions which allegedly originate in "philosophy" and "theology" when we try to think and to speak about God. Some older forms of logical positivism simply ruled out the possibility of "religious knowledge" together with metaphysics 1. It was thought to be absurd to state that "God exists" and equally absurd to state that "God does not exist", and until recently very little room was allowed for discussion. At present, however, there is, throughout the English speaking world, considerable discussion of religious questions. The background of this discussion is provided by ALFRED JULES AYER's now famous book, Language, Truth and Logic. I shall begin, therefore, by stating AYER's argument of 1936. We shall then briefly set forth certain more recent developments that have to a large extent been provoked by AYER's original position 2. And finally, we shall offer a few critical comments. AYER's original opinion that religious utterances are nonsensical, stemmed from his general attitude toward metaphysics. The latter was to be disposed of, not by a criticism of the way in which it comes into being, but by a
Philosophia Reformata – Brill
Published: Feb 20, 1962
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