A. GOVINDANKUTTY SOME O B S E R V A T I O N S ON S E V E N T E E N T H C E N T U R Y M A L A Y A L A M 1. THE DUTCH EXPANSION AND ITS LINGUISTIC REACTIONS In 1603 A.D. Dutch merchants came to Malabar. 1 They were active as such till 1657 A.D. without interfering in the internal affairs o f the country. The Dutch United East India Company (V.O.C.) was, first and foremost, a trade association. In the interest o f trade, however, and in order to establish their monopoly, they wanted to acquire some kind o f control over the country. In their effort to establish their rule they were not only confronted with the hostile people of Malabar but also with the Portuguese. In spite o f their initial defeats they remained convinced, thanks to the determination of commander Van Goens, of the importance o f Malabar for the defence o f Ceylon as well as for trade. In 1661 A.D., they could, with the help o f an enormous maritime force sent from Holland and Java (Indonesia), achieve their
Indo-Iranian Journal – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1983
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