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SLAG IDENTIFICATION AT SOUTHERN AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

SLAG IDENTIFICATION AT SOUTHERN AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES nents of southern African Iron Age sites. Their correct identification is crucial to understanding technological processes performed at these sites. This paper presents criteria for distinguishing between iron smelting slags, iron forging slags, copper smelting slags, crucible slags resulting from melting activities, vitrified clay and various biomass materials. Slag identification should entail a combination of morphology, microscopic study, chemical analysis, and assessment of the archaeological context. It is a necessarily specialist activity and superficial classification without materials analysis can be misleading. Archaeologists need to be mindful of both the archaeological opportunities and the potential technical difficulties in the interpretation of slags. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of African Archaeology Brill

SLAG IDENTIFICATION AT SOUTHERN AFRICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

Journal of African Archaeology , Volume 2 (1): 23 – Oct 25, 2004

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Copyright 2004 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1612-1651
eISSN
2191-5784
DOI
10.3213/1612-1651-10017
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

nents of southern African Iron Age sites. Their correct identification is crucial to understanding technological processes performed at these sites. This paper presents criteria for distinguishing between iron smelting slags, iron forging slags, copper smelting slags, crucible slags resulting from melting activities, vitrified clay and various biomass materials. Slag identification should entail a combination of morphology, microscopic study, chemical analysis, and assessment of the archaeological context. It is a necessarily specialist activity and superficial classification without materials analysis can be misleading. Archaeologists need to be mindful of both the archaeological opportunities and the potential technical difficulties in the interpretation of slags.

Journal

Journal of African ArchaeologyBrill

Published: Oct 25, 2004

Keywords: slag; iron; copper; gold; smelting; forging; smithing

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