Side-Directed Behaviour and Recruitment of Support in Captive Chimpanzees

Side-Directed Behaviour and Recruitment of Support in Captive Chimpanzees SIDE-DIRECTED BEHAVIOUR AND RECRUITMENT OF SUPPORT IN CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES by CHARLOTTE K. HEMELRIJK1), THEO J. M. KLOMBERG, JANNEKE H. NOOITGEDAGT and JAN A. R. A. M. VAN HOOFF (Department of Comparative Physiology, University of Utrecht, Padualaan 14, 3508 TB Utrecht, and Burgers' Dierenpark, Arnhem, The Netherlands) (With 2 Figures) (Acc. 10-III-1991) Introduction Recruitment of support has been described in several primate species (e.g., baboons: PACKER, 1977; long-tailed macaques: de WAAL, van HOOFF & NETTO, 1976; talapoin monkeys: WOLFHEIM & ROWELL, 1972) and is considered to be the main function of the so-called `side-directed behaviour' in captive chimpanzees. Side-directed behaviour is defined as non-agonistic behaviour displayed by one of the combatants to an out- sider (de WAAL & van HooFF, 1981). During side-directed behaviour several elements may be shown, but in particular stretching out a hand (i. e. hold-out-hand) has been thought to be important in coalition forma- tion (de WAAL, 1982); GOODALL (1986) describes the same behaviour in feral chimpanzees and pictures the ability of a male chimpanzee to enlist support during conflicts as perhaps the most crucial factor in attaining and maintaining dominance rank. Yet, despite these descriptions and suggestions, it is still unknown how effective side-directed http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Side-Directed Behaviour and Recruitment of Support in Captive Chimpanzees

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1991 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853991X00210
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SIDE-DIRECTED BEHAVIOUR AND RECRUITMENT OF SUPPORT IN CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES by CHARLOTTE K. HEMELRIJK1), THEO J. M. KLOMBERG, JANNEKE H. NOOITGEDAGT and JAN A. R. A. M. VAN HOOFF (Department of Comparative Physiology, University of Utrecht, Padualaan 14, 3508 TB Utrecht, and Burgers' Dierenpark, Arnhem, The Netherlands) (With 2 Figures) (Acc. 10-III-1991) Introduction Recruitment of support has been described in several primate species (e.g., baboons: PACKER, 1977; long-tailed macaques: de WAAL, van HOOFF & NETTO, 1976; talapoin monkeys: WOLFHEIM & ROWELL, 1972) and is considered to be the main function of the so-called `side-directed behaviour' in captive chimpanzees. Side-directed behaviour is defined as non-agonistic behaviour displayed by one of the combatants to an out- sider (de WAAL & van HooFF, 1981). During side-directed behaviour several elements may be shown, but in particular stretching out a hand (i. e. hold-out-hand) has been thought to be important in coalition forma- tion (de WAAL, 1982); GOODALL (1986) describes the same behaviour in feral chimpanzees and pictures the ability of a male chimpanzee to enlist support during conflicts as perhaps the most crucial factor in attaining and maintaining dominance rank. Yet, despite these descriptions and suggestions, it is still unknown how effective side-directed

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1991

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