174 CRITICAL NOTICE Sex, Women, and Ambiguous Animals ROBERT PARKER As the echoing title suggests, Geoffrey Lloyd's Science, Folklore and Ideology* takes up the themes of his masterly Magic, Reason and Ex- perience. It was the achievement of the earlier book to show in detail how the development of Greek science could be described with a truly scientific empiricism. It rescued the enquirer from anguished puzzling over impos- sible questions by exposing the traditional grouped dichotomies (myth/ reason, magic/science and the rest) as merely theoretical schemata, too crude for analysis of the world of experience. (Such associated pairs of opposites are a familiar feature of primitive thought, including that of the early Greeks, as Lloyd's own Polarity and Analogy showed.) The one solid body of early evidence, the Hippocratic corpus, reveals under Lloyd's analysis the actual complexity. The proselytizing rationalist who wrote De Morbo Sacro attacked religious healers with deft logic, but built his own naturalistic explanation of the disease on unproved assumptions, probably deriving from folk medicine, about the importance of 'purifications' in the body; in its support he made a demonstrably false claim about the liquid to be found in the head of a goat, an
Phronesis – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1984
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