SECULARIZATION AND GENDER: AN HISTORICAL APPROACH TO WOMEN AND RELIGION IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY VIRGINIA LIESON BRERETON AND MARGARET LAMBERTS BENDROTH In 1916, James Leuba, a psychology professor at Bryn Mawr College, published a lengthy study documenting belief and unbelief among university professors and their students. The findings dismayed some and cheered others; according to Leuba's survey, as men progressed up the academic ladder, their religious beliefs slowly disappeared. The most eminent scholars and scientists appeared to be the most secular. What Leuba also found, but chose not to analyze in depth, was that unbelief correlated with gender. Among college men, 56 percent professed belief in a personal God, and 31 percent saw God as imper- sonal (Leuba's terminology). Among women, however, 82 percent believed that God was personal, and only 11 percent impersonal. Despite the existence of other parallel studies indicating similar dis- parities between men and women, Leuba ignored the potential sig- nificance of this evidence other than to dismiss the religiosity of fe- male college students as a sign of intellectual immaturity. During their adolescent years, he hypothesized, young women-but not young men-found their "desires for intellectual freedom and for a rational organization of opinions
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera