© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/156853710X497185 Journal of Cognition and Culture 10 (2010) 85–107 brill.nl/jocc Searching for Happiness Across Cultures Ljubica Damjanovic a , *, Debi Roberson b , Panos Athanasopoulos c , Chise Kasai d and Matthew Dyson b a Department of Psychology, University of Chester, Parkgate Road, Chester CH1 4BJ, UK b School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK c School of Linguistics & English Language, University of Bangor, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2DG, UK d Faculty of Regional Studies, University of Gifu, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan * Corresponding author, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Three experiments examined the cultural relativity of emotion recognition using the visual search task. Caucasian-English and Japanese participants were required to search for an angry or happy discrepant face target against an array of competing distractor faces. Both cultural groups performed the task with displays that consisted of Caucasian and Japanese faces in order to investigate the eﬀects of racial congruence on emotion detection performance. Under high perceptual load conditions, both cultural groups detected the happy face more eﬃciently than the angry face. When perceptual load was reduced such that target detection could be
Journal of Cognition and Culture – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: HAPPINESS ADVANTAGE; LANGUAGE; EMOTION; CULTURE; VISUAL SEARCH
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