© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 JEMH 11,1-2 Also available online – www.brill.nl/jemh 1 I am grateful to Peter Burke, Metin Kunt, Jonathan Riley-Smith, Alexander Schmidt and the anonymous reviewers for the JEMH for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this essay. The research for this article has been supported by the targeted ﬁ nancing scheme SF0182544s03 of Ministry of Education and Research of Estonia. RUSSIA, THE TURKS AND EUROPE: LEGITIMATIONS OF WAR AND THE FORMATION OF EUROPEAN IDENTITY IN THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD 1 PÄRTEL PIIRIMÄE St. John’s College, Cambridge A bstract An essential criterion of belonging to a community is the expressed willingness to play by its rules. “Europe” in the Early Modern period can be seen as a moral community of “Christian” and “civilized” states which abided by the principles of ius gentium . The core of this code was the limitation and regulation of warfare. Although moral and legal principles of bellum iustum were often overruled by considerations of interest, there was at least one thing common to all European wars: the states always took pains to prove publicly that they were waging a just war. This essay examines the signi ﬁ cance
Journal of Early Modern History – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
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