Russia's accession to the Council of Europe and human rights: Four years on Bill Bowring Introduction In an article published in 1997', I explored the legal and political circumstances of Russia's accession to the Council of Europe on 28 February 1996, and attempted to evaluate the significance and seriousness of this crucial step.2 2 In this article I review a number of urgent questions now facing Russia's membership of the Council of Europe. In turn, these are first, the debates and arguments surrounding the ratification of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR); second, the reservations submitted by Russia upon ratification; third, the vexed question of the death penalty; fourth, the Council of Europe's own assessment of Russia's compliance with its obligations; fifth, the continuing debate surrounding the role of the Prokuratura; sixth, the first cases against Russia heard at the European Court of Human Rights; and finally, and most recently at the time of writing, the response of the Council of Europe to the events in Chechnya - and Russia's own reaction. This history to date of Russia's membership of the Council of Europe may be assessed in two radically different ways. First, it can reasonably be
Helsinki Monitor (in 2008 continued as Security and Human Rights) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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