RUBUTE AND GINTI-KIRMIL BY YOHANAN AHARONI Tel-Aviv, Israel a. Rubute . The city of Rubute is mentioned several times in Egyptian sources as being located on the road from Gezer to Jerusalem. This is expli- citly clear in the El-Amarna letters. In two of his letters Abdihipa, king of Jerusalem, blames Milkilu, king of Gezer, together with his allies for the conquest of Rubute and its territory, a deed which is taken as a direct threat against Jerusalem (EA 289, 11 ff.; 290, 5 ff.) This is well in accordance with the Thutmose list, where r-b-t (105) appears after Gezer (q-J-r, 104) and q-p-t (Gibbethon?, 103). Its existence is still attested in the Shishak list (r-b-t, 13), where it is mentioned according to MAZAR and GRDSELOFF in the following context 1): Gezer, Rubute, Aijalon, Qiriathaim (Kiriath-jearim?), Beth-horon and Gibeon. All of these sources point to its location in the vicinity of Latrun, the modern key point on the Gezer- Jerusalem road 2). In 1959 I wrote in my article "the Province List of Judah" 3) : "Its exact location is still difficult to determine, especially as the political situation forbids an archaeological survey of the area be- tween
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1969
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