Revising the Vulgate: Jerome and his Jewish Interlocutors1 The Church Father Jerome is well-known for his translation (or revision) of the Latin Bible which later was named Vulgate. He did not translate from the Greek as was the case with the so-called Vetus Latina but he sought the Hebrew truth (hebraica veritas). However, this raises the question as to how good his understanding of the Hebrew language actually was. Therefore it is asked where Jerome might have learned Hebrew and who his Jewish interlocutors might have been. Some Remarks on Jerome's Biography Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus was born at Stridon around 347.2 As a teenager he went to Rome to pursue rhetorical, philological, and philosophical studies. He studied under the grammarian Aelius Donatus, and learned at least the Greek and Latin languages. In Rome he became baptised in about 360 or 366. That means he already was strongly influenced by the "pagan" Roman culture before he became a Christian. In other words, Jerome's Christianity bears markers of Roman rhetoric et alia. Much later in life this is expressed by Jerome himself when he referred to a voice in a dream which said to him: "Ciceronianus es, non Christianus. (You
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2012
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