REVIEWS Iiro Kajanto, Onomastic Studies in the Early Christian Inscriptions of Rome and Carthage (Acta Instituti Romani Finlandiae, Vol. II, 1). Hel- sinki 1963. Pp. X, 141. Pr. F.Mk. 12. � . The aim of this study is to discuss all the features in which the Latin nomenclature, found in the early Christian inscriptions of Rome and Carthage, differs from the general nomenclature of the Early Empire. It involves, then, a close comparison between pagan and Christian nomenclature, in which the name system in general and the meaning and function of the cognomen in particular are scrutinized. Both in pagan and christian nomenclature a sharp decline in the use of the filiation and the tribus is notable. Disappearance of the tribus is undoubtedly due to the growing extension of civitas Romana; the tribus lost its dis- tinctive function; the gradual disappearance of the praenomen in the imperial name system sufficiently explains the decline of the filiation. In the Christian inscriptions from Rome and Carthage the absence of freed- men's and slaves' designation is striking, especially so when compared with evidence from the pagan material (±70% free; 30 % freedmen/ slaves). K. hesitatingly correlates this phenomenon with the attitude
Vigiliae Christianae – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1967
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