154 vivarium Reviews John Buridan's Logic: The Treatise on Supposition; The Treatise on Consequences. Translated with a Philosophical Introduction by Peter King, Dordrecht (Reidel) 1985, pp. xii + 380, ISBN 90 277 1918 7. John Buridan was clearly a remarkable logician, who had an immense influence on the study of logic throughout Europe, but particularly at Paris, in the two centuries following his death around 1358. His major work, the Summulae, is put together from nine treatises on logic, of which the fourth, on the theory of supposition, makes up the first half of the present volume. The second half consists of an independent treatise on consequences. The two works sit together well, King being often able in his end- notes to direct the attention of the reader of the Consequentiae (TC) back to remarks in De Su,bpositionibus (TS) to expand a particular point. The editions are preceded by an introduction of some 80 pages. TS is an elementary work in which Buridan distinguishes supposition from signification (meaning), verification (what makes a sentence true) and appellation (roughly, any additional connotation of a term). After explaining the various modes of supposition-ways in which a term can stand for objects-he
Vivarium – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1987
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