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RETHINKING EARLY PALEOLITHIC TYPOLOGIES IN CHINA AND INDIA

RETHINKING EARLY PALEOLITHIC TYPOLOGIES IN CHINA AND INDIA RETHINKING EARLY PALEOLITHIC TYPOLOGIES IN CHINA AND INDIA BY LENG JIAN and CHARLES L. SHANNON (Washington University in St. Louis) Abstract The concept of a technological “line” separating eastern Asia from western Asia, Africa, and Europe was Ž rst proposed by Hallam L. Movius over forty years ago. Despite the fact that other features of Movius’ model have since required revision, his interpretation continues to be widely followed. Recent studies on the rate and extent of gene  ow or cultural contact between Early Pleistocene hominid populations in eastern and western Asia have resuscitated Movius’ classiŽ catory scheme to support arguments inferring hierarchical sociobehavioral abilities between these two hominid populations. It is our contention that Movius’ classiŽ catory scheme provides no objective basis for ranking the tool traditions of eastern Asia and the rest of the world. This study offers an approach to the analysis and classiŽ cation of Early Paleolithic tools that provides relatively objective criteria for comparing tool traditions. This approach is based upon replication of typologies and technologies for eight Early Paleo- lithic assemblages in Asia using local sources of raw material. By determining the stages of the tool manufacturing process present, the quality of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of East Asian Archaeology Brill

RETHINKING EARLY PALEOLITHIC TYPOLOGIES IN CHINA AND INDIA

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2000 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1387-6813
eISSN
1568-5233
DOI
10.1163/156852300509772
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

RETHINKING EARLY PALEOLITHIC TYPOLOGIES IN CHINA AND INDIA BY LENG JIAN and CHARLES L. SHANNON (Washington University in St. Louis) Abstract The concept of a technological “line” separating eastern Asia from western Asia, Africa, and Europe was Ž rst proposed by Hallam L. Movius over forty years ago. Despite the fact that other features of Movius’ model have since required revision, his interpretation continues to be widely followed. Recent studies on the rate and extent of gene  ow or cultural contact between Early Pleistocene hominid populations in eastern and western Asia have resuscitated Movius’ classiŽ catory scheme to support arguments inferring hierarchical sociobehavioral abilities between these two hominid populations. It is our contention that Movius’ classiŽ catory scheme provides no objective basis for ranking the tool traditions of eastern Asia and the rest of the world. This study offers an approach to the analysis and classiŽ cation of Early Paleolithic tools that provides relatively objective criteria for comparing tool traditions. This approach is based upon replication of typologies and technologies for eight Early Paleo- lithic assemblages in Asia using local sources of raw material. By determining the stages of the tool manufacturing process present, the quality of

Journal

Journal of East Asian ArchaeologyBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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