© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/157092510X527330 Journal of Empirical Theology 23 (2010) 159-178 brill.nl/jet Journal of Empirical Theology Researching Confirmation Work in Europe: The Need for Multi-Level Analysis for Identifying Individual and Group Influences in Non-Formal Education Wolfgang Ilg a and Friedrich Schweitzer b a) Faculty of Protestant Theology, University of Tübingen, Germany email@example.com b) Faculty of Protestant Theology, University of Tübingen, Germany firstname.lastname@example.org Received 25 April 2010; accepted 12 July 2010 Abstract This article includes a dual argument, about confirmation work as an object of research on the one hand, and about general methodological questions on the other. Based on an international comparative study on confirmation work with more than 28000 persons involved, the article presents the advantages of multi-level analysis (MLA) as a method for discerning effects on the levels of individuals and of groups. Discussing the methodological implications the article gives an exemplary introduction into MLA by presenting selected models referring to confirmands’ satisfaction with their confirmation time in general and with church services in particular. It can be shown that 11-13% of the total variance is explained by factors on the group level. The group level factors include the duration of confirmation
Journal of Empirical Theology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: confirmation work; hierarchical linear modeling (HLM); youth work; multi-level analysis (MLA); international comparative study; Protestant Church
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